September 8, at Beaumont Place, Oxford Parents:
Henry II died inan embittered old man.
He was succeeded by his son Richard I, nicknamed the Lionheart. Richard, a renowned and skillful warrior, was mainly interested in the Crusade to recover Jerusalem and in the struggle to maintain his… Early life Richard was the third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Richard possessed precocious political and military ability, won fame for his knightly prowess, and quickly learned how to control the turbulent aristocracy of Poitou and Gascony. He joined his brothers in the great rebellion —74 against their father, who invaded Aquitaine twice before Richard submitted and received pardon.
Thereafter Richard was occupied with suppressing baronial revolts in his own duchy. Richard was now heir to England and to Normandy and Anjou which were regarded as inseparableand his father wished him to yield Aquitaine to his youngest brother, John.
But Richard, a true southerner, would not surrender the duchy in which he had grown up, and even appealed, against Henry II, to the young king of FrancePhilip II. In November he did homage to Philip for all the English holdings on French soil and in openly joined forces with Philip to drive Henry into abject submission.
They chased him from Le Mans to Saumurforced him to acknowledge Richard as his heir, and at last harried him to his death July 6, He had no conception of planning for the future of the English monarchy and put up everything for sale to buy arms for the Crusade.
Yet he had not become king to preside over the dismemberment of the Angevin empire. He broke with Philip and did not neglect Angevin defenses on the Continent.
With all this he raised a formidable fleet and an army, and in he departed for the Holy Land, traveling via Sicily. Richard ICoronation procession of Richard I in Richard joined the other Crusaders at Acre on June 8,having conquered Cyprus on his way there.
Twice Richard led his forces to within a few miles of Jerusalem. But the recapture of the city, which constituted the chief aim of the Third Crusade, eluded him. There were fierce quarrels among the French, German, and English contingents.
Imprisonment Richard sailed home by way of the Adriaticbecause of French hostility, and a storm drove his ship ashore near Venice. Later, he was handed over to Henry VIwho kept him at various imperial castles. The raising of the ransom money was one of the most remarkable fiscal measures of the 12th century and gives striking proof of the prosperity of England.
A very high proportion of the ransom was paid, and meanwhile February Richard was released. Return to England He returned at once to England and was crowned for the second time on April 17, fearing that the independence of his kingship had been compromised.
Within a month he went to Normandy, never to return.
His last five years were spent in warfare against Philip II, interspersed with occasional truces. The king left England in the capable hands of Hubert Walterjusticiar and archbishop of Canterbury.
The vicomte of Limoges refused to hand over a hoard of gold unearthed by a local peasant. He died in Richard the Lionheart: The Crusader King of England [W. B. Bartlett] on regardbouddhiste.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Whilst Richard I is one of medieval England’s most famous kings he is also the most controversial. He has variously been considered a great warrior but a poor king5/5(1).
Richard is a major character in Norah Lofts' novel The Lute Player, in Martha Rofheart's Lionheart!: A Novel of Richard I, King of England, in Cecelia Holland's The King's Witch, Gore Vidal's A Search For the King and in Sharon Kay .
Born on September 8, , in Oxford, England, Richard I, better known as "Richard the Lionheart," served as king of England from to By age 16, Richard was commanding his own army in a.
Discover facts about the life of King Richard I, also known as 'Richard the Lionheart'. a king of England, later known as the 'Lion Heart', only six months in England. Richard was born on. Synopsis. Born in England on October 2, , Richard III served as king of England for only two years, but his reign was one of the most historic and turbulent.
Richard the Lionheart had become King of England; but his heart wasn't in the sceptred isle. Ever since Saladin had captured Jerusalem in , Richard's greatest ambition was to go to the Holy Land and take it back.
His father had agreed to engage in the Crusades along with Philip, and a "Saladin Tithe" had been levied in England and France to raise .