An analysis of measuring economic well being by using gross domestic product as the main indicator o

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An analysis of measuring economic well being by using gross domestic product as the main indicator o

The reason is that central banks react to variables, such as inflation and the output gap, which are endogenous to monetary policy shocks. Endogeneity implies a correlation between regressors and the error term, and hence, an asymptotic bias. In principle, Instrumental Variables IV estimation can solve this endogeneity problem.

In practice, IV estimation poses challenges as the validity of potential instruments also depends on other economic relationships. We argue in favor of OLS estimation of monetary policy rules. To that end, we show analytically in the three-equation New Keynesian model that the asymptotic OLS bias is proportional to the fraction of the variance of regressors accounted for by monetary policy shocks.

Using Monte Carlo simulation, we then show that this relationship also holds in a quantitative model of the U. As monetary policy shocks explain only a small fraction of the variance of regressors typically included in monetary policy rules, the endogeneity bias is small.

Using simulations, we show that, for realistic sample sizes, the OLS estimator of monetary policy parameters outperforms IV estimators.Did you know that your Internet Explorer Browser is out of date? Your MS Internet Explorer browser is out of date, and will not be fully compatible with our website.

3. Introduction. This edition of the economic review is the second following the introduction of economic statistics theme days in January this year. Each economic review in this new format will have an overarching analytical theme and follow a quarterly publication timetable.

The multiple indicators/multiple causes model indicated that health status had a large and significant estimated effect on experienced well-being after adjustment for potential confounding variables.

An analysis of measuring economic well being by using gross domestic product as the main indicator o

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Economic Studies No.

An analysis of measuring economic well being by using gross domestic product as the main indicator o

27 (August ). Corporate governance, competition and performance. Colin Mayer. The paper gives an overview of the interrelation between corporate governance, product market competition and performance across main "models" of corporate governance in OECD countries.

References :: Definitions and Notes — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency