An analysis of the different theories developed to help understand criminology

Kingston is one of the only universities in the London area to offer a criminology and forensic psychology programme at undergraduate level. The course will give you a comprehensive understanding of crime, victimisation and responses to crime. It encompasses broad social and political environments of crime and crime control, as well as individual motivations, psychological influences and experiences of deviant and criminal behaviour and its effects.

An analysis of the different theories developed to help understand criminology

Carpenter and Craig N. Bach Kaplan University Benefits of Philosophical Analysis 2 Abstract The skills and techniques of philosophical analysis, broadly construed, can enhance the professional practice of criminology. We then turn to a discussion of how philosophical analysis of texts from the philosophical canon can help students of criminology to understand more incisively foundational issues of the discipline and key criminological concepts, as well as support theory development.

An analysis of the different theories developed to help understand criminology

We also explore ways philosophical training and collaboration with professional philosophers can support innovative criminological research. Finally, we advocate intensive engagement with philosophical ethics as a means for helping criminological educators, researchers, and practitioners to secure nuanced assessments of the rich ethical dimensions of criminology.

Benefits of Philosophical Analysis 3 The Benefits of Philosophical Analysis to Criminological Research, Pedagogy and Practice In this paper, we provide an overview of how each of four philosophical practices can inform the practice and pedagogy of criminology, and by doing so lay the groundwork for greater collaboration among philosophers and criminologists.

Another important intersection between philosophy and criminology involves the use of works from the philosophical cannon to ground theory development, provide important paradigmatic discussions of core ideas and help students to acquire important analytical skills. A third area of investigation is the use of philosophical tools in social science research.

We end the paper with a more sustained discussion on the benefits of developing a philosophical ethics for criminology. This is why, as we explain in Benefits of Philosophical Analysis 4 more detail below, we believe that criminology would be strengthened if degree programs in criminology provided students with relevant philosophical training, if criminological researchers directly engaged key philosophical issues, and if criminological researchers, teachers, and practitioners exploited opportunities for fruitful collaboration with professional philosophers.

This fact is not unique to criminology. Mathematics, for example, is not dependent on results in the philosophy of mathematics or not usually — a fact about which many mathematicians are quite vocal.

However, there are moments of fracture in the history of mathematics when long-held assumptions at the heart of mathematical practice were challenged by controversial results e.

During these times, mathematicians engaged seriously in questions of philosophy in order to better define their own practices and resolve seeming contradictions that threatened their work.

Great controversies in a scientific discipline are rare and the application of philosophy in these cases is somewhat esoteric. These benefits include a more precise and incisive understanding of core concepts, methodologies and practices in the field, and the new perspectives gained by the kinds of analyses involved in the philosophical study of criminology can spark new avenues of inquiry and innovation.

Philosophical engagement with the foundations of criminology stands as one powerful source of refinement and innovation in the field. Benefits of Philosophical Analysis 5 It is also worth noting that the benefit to criminology of engaging philosophy travels both ways.

As Arrigo and Williams note, the specific details of criminology can lead to contributions in epistemology, ontology, ethics and aesthetics. Thus the discipline of philosophy can benefit from philosophical engagement by—and scholarly collaboration with— criminologists.

The Philosophical Cannon in Criminology Perhaps the most common use of philosophy for teachers of criminology is the assignment of works from the cannon of historical philosophical texts.

In all cases, the readings present content that informs contemporary discussions on crime and provide a theoretical framework for those discussions.

The pedagogical outcomes of assigning works from the philosophical cannon go beyond the content of the positions and theoretical frameworks contained within them. Most 1 Dostoyevsky is not strictly considered a philosopher, but his works are a mainstay of philosophy courses and philosophical analysis on a range of issues.

Benefits of Philosophical Analysis 6 philosophical texts notoriously are difficult — reading them well requires developing certain philosophical skills. These skills include, identifying, reconstructing and evaluating logical argumentative structures; isolating and outlining salient positions; developing counter arguments or counterexamples, describing and evaluating the structure of the text in its entirety, and comparing positions found in other philosophical texts.

All of these skills can enhance the student experience and study of criminology, and thus the use of these texts should not be limited to just reading them for a cursory description of content, but should involve teaching students how to actively engage philosophical texts.

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For these reasons, we conclude that serious engagement with philosophical texts is a significant means for enhancing the skills and insights of criminology students. To maximize these benefits, we advocate criminology instructors receiving specialized training in philosophical analysis and collaborating with professional philosophers as they design and deliver philosophically-oriented learning activities.

This collaboration would also provide new contexts for the application of philosophical texts and as such enhance their use in the philosophy classroom as well.

The use of the philosophical cannon also has benefits for practitioners and researchers in the field. The most important of these benefits is the development and extension of theoretical frameworks within which to discuss issues in criminology.

We are encouraged that this Benefits of Philosophical Analysis 7 use of philosophical texts is well-established within criminology, and that its benefits are widely recognized.

Philosophy and Research Methodology In a meaningful way, a research project is just a type of argument, presenting evidence premises intended to answer a research question arrive at a conclusionand a research method is the skeleton structure of that argument.

As such, the logical tools developed within the fields of formal logic, philosophical logic and informal logic subfields of philosophy are particularly well suited to describe the argumentative structures used in both qualitative and quantitative research.

While some textbooks cover the basic structure of cause-effect experiments, briefly mention the syllogistic form, or distinguish between deductive and inductive arguments, more sophisticated logical formalisms are rarely used to explain or discuss the various methods used in research.

We believe that, in addition to pedagogical benefits, the collaboration between philosophers and social scientists could lead to new areas of study, or greater nuances in existing areas, in the field of social science research design and methodology.

A second area of collaboration between philosophy and criminology is motivated by a simple philosophical observation. A research method is, in the simplest terms, a systematic means to arrive at knowledge.

An analysis of the different theories developed to help understand criminology

But, as a means of gaining knowledge, the selection of a research method requires that the researcher make assumptions about the appropriate means to acquire that specific knowledge, the kinds of objects the researcher can come to know, and the role of the researcher in that process.This guide stresses the systematic causal analysis of gender inequality.

The analytical questions raised and the readings listed consider why and how gender inequality arises, varies across and within societies, persists over generations, produces conformity by individuals and institutions, resists change, and sometimes changes dramatically. Apr 22,  · Whatever the theory may be, the end goal of lessening the occurrence of all crimes is commonly shared.

Criminology theory assists us in understanding why people commit crimes and enables us to attempt various courses of action in an effort to achieve that Tania.

Some theories that are often used in criminology to help get an understanding for why crimes are being committed are differential association and control theory. Edwin Sutherland developed the differential association theory.

Lincoln’s Criminology degree is designed to enable students to develop and apply an understanding of the complex nature of crime, punishment and justice. Alternative solutions to crime prevention are examined, and the impact of crime on society is investigated. Teaching is research-informed and draws upon all aspects of the social sciences.

Sociological theories are statements of how and why particular facts about the social world are related. They range in scope from concise descriptions of a single social process to paradigms for analysis and sociological theories explain aspects of the social world and enable prediction about future events, while others function as broad perspectives which guide further.

Social control theory: Most people would commit crime if not for the controls that society places on individuals through institutions such as schools, workplaces, churches, and families.

Labeling theory: People in power decide what acts are crimes, and the act .

Sociological theory - Wikipedia