A learning disability which makes writing difficult Believed to result from weak fine motor skills and difficulty remembering sequences Usually results in messy and sometimes illegible hand writing Strategies to improve writing include explicit instruction on forming letters and numbers followed by regular, repetitive practicing and writing aids like pencil grips Alternatively, assistive technology and the development of keyboarding skills can reduce the need for hand writing Definition The word Dysgraphia, is composed of the two Greek root words Dys for difficult and graphia for writing.
Print article What is dysgraphia? Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing abilities. It can manifest itself as difficulties with spelling, poor handwriting and trouble putting thoughts on paper. Because writing requires a complex set of motor and information processing skills, saying a student has dysgraphia is not sufficient.
A student with disorders in written expression will benefit from specific accommodations in the learning environment, as well as additional practice learning the skills required to be an accomplished writer.
What are the warning signs of dysgraphia? Since dysgraphia is a processing disorder, difficulties can change throughout a lifetime. However since writing is a developmental process — children learn the motor skills needed to write, while learning the thinking skills needed to communicate on paper — difficulties can also overlap.
If a person has trouble in any of the areas below, additional help may be beneficial. Advertisement Tight, awkward pencil grip and body position Illegible handwriting Avoiding writing or drawing tasks Tiring quickly while writing Saying words out loud while writing Unfinished or omitted words in sentences Difficulty organizing thoughts on paper Difficulty with syntax structure and grammar Large gap between written ideas and understanding demonstrated through speech.
What strategies can help? There are many ways to help a person with dysgraphia achieve success. Generally strategies fall into three categories: A person with dysgraphia will benefit from help from both specialists and those who are closest to the person. Finding the most beneficial type of support is a process of trying different ideas and openly exchanging thoughts on what works best.
Advertisement Below are some examples of how to teach individuals with dysgraphia to overcome some of their difficulties with written expression.
Early writers Use paper with raised lines for a sensory guide to staying within the lines. Practice writing letters and numbers in the air with big arm movements to improve motor memory of these important shapes.
Also practice letters and numbers with smaller hand or finger motions. Encourage proper grip, posture and paper positioning for writing.
Use multi-sensory techniques for learning letters, shapes and numbers. Be patient and positive, encourage practice and praise effort — becoming a good writer takes time and practice.United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) - SOS Children's Villages International.
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Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing abilities. It can manifest itself as difficulties with spelling, poor handwriting and trouble putting thoughts on paper. Because writing requires a complex set of motor and information processing skills, saying a student has dysgraphia is not sufficient.
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These former homeschooled students grew up in environments . But it can also affect writing, spelling and even speaking. Kids with dysgraphia may struggle with handwriting, organizing their thoughts on paper or with both of these activities.
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