To properly care for his spirit, the corpse was mummified, and everything the king would need in the afterlife was buried with him, including gold vessels, food, furniture and other offerings. The pyramids became the focus of a cult of the dead king that was supposed to continue well after his death. Their riches would provide not only for him, but also for the relatives, officials and priests who were buried near him. The oldest known pyramid in Egypt was built around B.
This is especially true in Egypt because they believe in a cycle wherein when the pharaoh dies, he takes in the form of Osiris, the king of the dead and the new king, the one who replaced him becomes the god Horus, protector of the Sun god, Ra.
They also believed that when a pharaoh dies, a part of his soul remains in his body. They mummify the bodies of the pharaoh and built the pyramids in order to protect this remaining part of the soul so that the king may carry out his duties as the king of the dead.
Building and Administering Pyramids Pyramids were built from pyramid blocks that came from quarries with the use of stone and copper tools. These blocks are transported from the quarry site to the pyramid-building site through a wooden sled that is manually pulled or sometimes with the help of animals.
The wooden sleds have no wheels and lubricants are poured on the roads in order to make it smooth as the sled passes by. It is also done to reduce friction and lessen the burden on the people or animals pulling the sled.
When the blocks are already taken to the pyramid site, it raised to the higher parts of the pyramid through ramps made of earth that are built upwards as the pyramid gains height. These ramps are removed downwards as the pyramid is given its final touch Orcutt.
Before a pyramid is built an administrator is assigned by the pharaoh. The administrator is tasked to collect or recruit a huge army to build the pyramid including skilled craftsmen, artisans, experienced stone masons, quarrymen, the overseers, and the officials appointed by the pharaoh.
Along with the appointment of administrators and the recruitment of labourers is the creation or the building of administrative settlements and dormitories for the workers. These buildings are not the only buildings in order to answer the necessities of the great pyramid-building.
A vast complex of different buildings that serve a specific purpose is built alongside the pyramids. The vast complex answers to the necessities of both the builder of the pyramid and the overseers El-Aref. It is included in the pyramid complex of the pharaoh Zoser.
It is given that name because it is situated at Saqqara near Cairo. It was believed to be planned and constructed by only one man, Imhotep, who was known as a very intelligent man.
It is an underground burial chamber with a rectangular mastaba built for the Pharaoh Zoser, the second and greatest king of the third dynasty. As compared to other Egyptian pyramids, the step pyramid in Saqqara is the only one with a rectangular mastaba InterCity Oz, Inc.
The Successors of Zoser After the death of Zoser, he was succeeded by Manetho or also known as Sekhemket whose pyramid was believed to be another creation of the great Imhotep.
It is believed that his reign was probably difficult.
Both Sekhemket and Khaba had step pyramids built for their graves but archaeologists believe that the pyramids were unused and that the two pharaohs were buried in other mastabas Kjeilen. The fifth and final king of the third dynasty of Egypt was King Huni.
His reign was successful and he was a pharaoh well-remembered. He was known for having a fortress built in Elephantine. And when he died his pyramid was built at Meidun. It was believed to be the first attempt of transition from step-pyramids to the pyramids as we know them today Kjeilen.
Sneferu was not of royal descent and only earned his title by marrying the royal heiress, Hetepheres, daughter of Pharaoh Huni of the third dynasty. Many mourned the death of Sneferu in his time and before he died, two pyramids were built for him at Dahshour. First is the Bent Pyramid, with two steep sides and the famous Red Pyramid, which is known as the very first real pyramid.
Despite its enormousness, the great King Sneferu never used this as his burial ground. He was known to have been buried in the Bent Pyramid Kjeilen.
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