When the term hybrid vehicle is used, it most often refers to a Hybrid electric vehicle. A petroleum-electric hybrid most commonly uses internal combustion engines using a variety of fuels, generally gasoline or Diesel engines and electric motors to power the vehicle. The energy is stored in the fuel of the internal combustion engine and an electric battery set.
By using both a conventional engine and electric motor, the best hybrids achieve significantly better fuel efficiency than their non-hybrid counterparts.
They also pollute less and save drivers money through fuel savings. The most advanced hybrids have larger batteries and can recharge their batteries from an outlet, allowing them to drive extended distances on electricity before switching to gasoline or diesel.
Known as " plug-in hybrids ," these cars can offer much-improved environmental performance and increased fuel savings by substituting grid electricity for gasoline. Hybrid car features The addition of a battery-powered electric motor increases the fuel efficiency of hybrids in a number of ways.
The battery provides energy for the air conditioner and accessories while the vehicle idles at stoplights or in traffic, and the electric motor can start the vehicle moving again. If needed, the conventional engine will reengage to provide more power for acceleration.
Regenerative braking allows some of that energy to be captured, turned into electricity, and stored in the batteries. This stored electricity can later be used to run the motor and accelerate the vehicle.
Plug-in hybrid vehicles combine a gas engine with an electric motor and battery. Wikimedia Having an electric motor also allows for more efficient engine design. The most efficient hybrids utilize "electric-only drive," allowing the vehicle to drive entirely on electricity and use less fuel.
Most plug-in hybrids—which tend to have larger batteries and motors—can drive entirely on electricity at relatively high speeds for extended distances typically 10 to 30 miles. Different hybrids also use different types of "drivetrains," the mechanical components that deliver power to the driving wheels.
Learn about the implications of different hybrid drivetrains here. Plug-in hybrids, described above, are considered electric vehicles, along with battery electric and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. These vehicles are only beginning to come to market, but offer great potential as a low-carbon alternative to conventional cars and trucks as they have no tailpipe emissions, reduced global warming emissionsand can be refueled at a filling station similar to a gasoline vehicle.
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Your generous support helps develop science-based solutions for a healthy, safe, and sustainable future.In this article, we'll help you understand how this technology works, and we'll even give you some tips on how to drive a hybrid car for maximum efficiency. Many people have probably owned a .
Components Read about the parts and pieces of a hybrid drivetrain, and a discussion of the benefits and limitations. Batteries, more History The first hybrids were produced more than years. Most hybrid cars on the road right now are gasoline-electric hybrids, although French car maker PSA Peugeot Citroen has two diesel-electric hybrid cars in the works.
Since gasoline hybrids are the kind you'll find at your local car dealership, we'll focus on . What is a Hybrid Car?
Hybrid cars are becoming more popular and more common. Basically, a hybrid car is one that uses two or more engines i.e. an electric motor and a .
Follow the historical course from then until the current hybrid wave. Timeline, more Safety Cars that run in part, or entirely, [ ] menu Skip to content.
Car Reviews Technology. Components. Hybrids also use an internal combustion engine—and can be fueled like normal cars—but also have an electric motor and battery. By using both a conventional engine and electric motor, the best hybrids achieve significantly better .