Photo by Alisa Anton on Unsplash We admit, it feels a little too soon to bring up snowstorms, sweaters and all things peppermint just yet.
Although Innsbruck was a traditional winter sports resort, warm weather caused a lack of snow during the Games and the Austrian army was enlisted to transport snow and ice to the sports venues.
Her career total of six gold medals set a record for Winter Olympics athletes. There were 1, athletes from 37 nations competing in 35 events. The organisers claimed that this was necessary to accommodate technological advances, however critics disputed this, alleging that the layout would incorporate the best possible venues for television broadcasts at the athletes' expense.
The issue of professionalism was disputed during these Games when a number of alpine skiers were found to have participated in a ski camp at Mammoth Mountain in the United States; three days before the opening ceremony, IOC president Avery Brundage threatened to bar the skiers from competing in the Games as he insisted that they were no longer amateurs having benefited financially from their status as athletes.
These Games would have coincided with the year of Colorado's centennial and the United States Bicentennial. However, in November the people of Colorado voted against public funding of the Games by a 3: However, a change in the provincial government resulted in an administration that did not support the Olympic bid, so the IOC's offer was rejected.
Salt Lake Citypreviously a candidate for the Winter Olympics, then put itself forward, but the IOC opted instead to invite Innsbruck to host the Games, as most of the infrastructure from the Games had been maintained.
Despite only having half the usual time to prepare for the Games, Innsbruck accepted the invitation to replace Denver in February The first boycott of a Winter Olympics took place at these Games, when Taiwan refused to participate after an edict by the IOC mandated that they change their name and national anthem.
American speed-skater Eric Heiden set either an Olympic or World record in every one of the five events in which he competed, winning a total of five individual gold medals and breaking the record for most individual golds in a single Olympics both Summer and Winter.
It was therefore a surprise when SarajevoYugoslavia, was selected as host. Host nation Yugoslavia won its first Olympic medal when alpine skier Jure Franko won silver in the giant slalom. The speed skating events were held indoors for the first time, on the Olympic Oval. Dutch skater Yvonne van Gennip won three gold medals and set two world records, beating skaters from the favoured East German team in every race.
Alberto Tombaan Italian skier, made his Olympic debut by winning both the giant slalom and slalom. Seven months later she would earn a silver in track cycling at the Summer Games in Seoulto become the only athlete to win medals in both a Summer and Winter Olympics in the same year.
This change resulted from the decision reached in the 91st IOC Session to separate the Summer and Winter Games and place them in alternating even-numbered years. After the dissolution of Czechoslovakia inthe Czech Republic and Slovakia made their Olympic debuts.
Russia won the most events, with eleven gold medals, while Norway achieved 26 podium finishes, collecting the most medals overall on home ground.
Canada and the United States were favoured to win the tournament as they both fielded more NHL players than European countries,  but surprisingly neither team won any medals and it was the Czech Republic who prevailed.
Women's ice hockey made its debut and the United States won the gold medal. New world records were set in speed skating largely due to the introduction of the clap skate.
German Georg Hackl won a silver in the singles luge, becoming the first athlete in Olympic history to win medals in the same individual event in five consecutive Olympics. The Canadians appeared to have skated well enough to win the competition, yet the Russians were awarded the gold.
The judging broke along Cold War lines with judges from former Communist countries favouring the Russian pair and judges from Western nations voting for the Canadians. An investigation revealed that she had been pressured to give the gold to the Russian pair regardless of how they skated; in return the Russian judge would look favourably on the French entrants in the ice dancing competition.
It was the second time that Italy had hosted the Winter Olympic Games. South Korean athletes won 10 medals, including 6 gold in the short-track speed skating events. In so doing she was able to help her team win a silver medal in the event at the expense of the Norwegian team, who finished fourth.
He is also the only ski racer to have won the same event at three different Olympics, winning the Super-G inand Claudia Pechstein of Germany became the first speed skater to earn nine career medals. The Court of Arbitration for Sport upheld her suspension but a Swiss court ruled that she could compete for a spot on the German Olympic team.The Sioux are Native American and First Nations people in North America.
The term can refer to any ethnic group within the Great Sioux Nation or any of the nation's many language dialects. North Dakota Council on the Arts.
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