The Ministry of Labour has five ganisations under it: Up till There were a total of 4, employees mprising officers and 3, staff members working in the Ministry of Labour and its various organisations.
Despite this, India continues to have one of lowest rates of female workforce participation in the world.
Close to 54 percent of working age women between the ages of 15 to 59 are not available for work because of household responsibilities or domestic work. In addition, they undertake tasks such as fetching wood and water which goes towards the care and sustenance of their family.
Such work is called many things — unpaid care work, reproductive work, social care functions and so on. Hired domestic workers ease the burden of individual households by undertaking household chores in return for remuneration. The tasks include the care of children and the elderly, cooking, driving, cleaning, grocery shopping, running errands and taking care of household pets, particularly in urban areas.
However, despite the benefits this work brings to individual households, domestic workers are often not recognized as workers by society. Domestic workers in India continue to struggle for visibility and recognition.
While several legislations such as the Unorganized Social Security Act,Sexual Harassment against Women at Work Place Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal Act, and Social security law myanmar Wages Schedules notified in various states refer to domestic workers, there remains an absence of comprehensive, uniformly applicable, national legislation that guarantees fair terms of employment and decent working conditions.
Domestic workers should however be guaranteed the same terms of employment as enjoyed by other workers. Understanding domestic work Unlike other forms of labour market activity, domestic work takes place in an unconventional place of work, i. Gaining public acceptance of a household as a place of work is a challenge.
Implementation of labour laws such as minimum wages and regularized work hours, which are essential elements of any kind of work, also remain a challenge. Such regulation is complex because the nature of domestic work is unique compared to other forms of work.
The sector lacks effective means to regulate working conditions, for example, through streamlined job descriptions which could be offered through standard contracts. Furthermore, unlike work in a formal setting, domestic work is not guided by clear and agreed production or output goals.
Enforcing labour laws remains a significant bottleneck. This is because privacy norms do not bode well with the idea of labour inspectors entering private households and ensuring regulations.
Policymakers, legislative bodies and people need to recognize the existence of an employment relationship in domestic work. While a large number of women are engaged in this sector, it is important to look at the working conditions that exist in this sector.
Various studies and reports also reveal that domestic workers are subjected to discrimination on grounds of religion, caste and ethnicity.
Often, these challenges are placed in a law and order framework instead of a labour rights framework. Regulating domestic work through legislation is the only way to address abuses against domestic workers.
Data released by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in Februarypublished in response to a question tabled in the upper house of Parliament, track reports of violence against domestic helpers between and The state governments of Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu have also constituted Welfare Boards for domestic workers who are able to avail of welfare benefits by registering with these Boards.
However, despite these efforts, a large majority of domestic workers remain outside the purview of labour laws even today. However, this has not translated into gender equality. On many occasions, ILO has argued the need to change the idea that care-giving is a private domestic responsibility unique to women.
In order to leave behind the assumption that women alone must balance productive work with family and care responsibilities, we must foster alternative models of maternity, paternity and masculinity.
This can be done through measures such as making available good quality full-day child care especially for the low income population and facilitating the development of effective policies to enable workers to meet demands of unpaid work for example, leave policies and working time policies.
The large supply of domestic workers in India has meant a meant a shift of care responsibilities from women in the households to hired domestic workers who are a predominantly female and largely invisible. This, in itself, did not challenge broader structural gender inequality.
Ghosh said that no society can survive without the massive contribution domestic work makes to national income.revised Myanmar Citizens Investment Law (), Social Security Law () which enforced Social Security Act (), Draft Minimum Wages Law () which repealed the Minimum Wages Act () and the Agricultural Labourers’ Minimum Wages Act.
The Republic of Union of Myanmar Ministry of Labour, Immigation and Popultation Social Security Board Invitation for services of Data Cleaning and Data Entry. The Government of Myanmar released the Draft Law on International Non-Governmental Organizations (“INGO Law”) in December and invited comment.
The Ministry of Labour has five ganisations under it: Department of Labour, Social Security Board, Central Inland Freight Handling Committee, Factories and General Izbour Laws Inspection Department and Central bade Disputes Committee.
Crisis Group’s early-warning Watch List identifies up to ten countries and regions at risk of conflict or escalation of violence. In these situations, early action, driven or supported by the EU and its member states, would generate stronger prospects for peace. It includes a global overview, regional summaries, and detailed analysis on select countries and .
The Myanmar Investment Commission (Burmese: မြန်မာနိုင်ငံ ရင်းနှီးမြှုပ်နှံမှု ကော်မရှင်, abbreviated MIC) is a government-appointed body under the Ministry of Planning and Finance that appraises domestic investment proposals in Myanmar (Burma). MIC was formed in April , after the State Law .