Types of offence and courts essay

These defences are Special Defences and General Defences. There are several types of defences that fall under General Defences, namely the defence of duress and the defence of necessity.

Types of offence and courts essay

Types of offence and courts essay

Types of Offences Rioting was a serious 'indictable' crime The decision to commit a defendant to a court for trial was made by a magistrate. To which court they were sent, depended on the type of offence committed.

By the eighteenth century, a law code was in place that defined the functions and powers of magistrates. The county " Quarter Sessions" and local ' Petty Sessions' were the normal place of trial; which one you were sent to, would depend on whether the crime was a 'Summary' or 'Indictable' offence.

Summary offences If the magistrate thought the suspect could be guilty of a more minor 'summary offence' a small crime like being drunk or causing a disturbancehe could try them in his own home. Some magistrates had a special room in their homes for this purpose.

This would be a speedy process and involve no jury. Both verdict and sentence were pronounced by the magistrates.

Table of Contents

Indictable offences If the magistrate thought the prisoner had committed an 'indictable offence' a serious crimehe could 'indict' send him or her to be tried at one of two courts. At these courts a jury or, strictly speaking, a 'petty' jury decided on the verdict, and the judge or magistrates formulated and pronounced the sentence.

Minor Crimes / Offences Threatening the president or other federal officials or buildings Committing a crime on federal property Committing a crime using interstate commerce Committing a crime that involves a conspiracy Using a firearm to commit a crime Manufacturing and distributing controlled substances Learn more about the jurisdiction of the federal courts by visiting the Student Center page State Courts vs. The 7th Amendment to the U.

Felonies and Misdemeanours These terms date back to the Middle Ages, when felonies were serious crimes that could result in the 'felon' forfeiting their life and goods, while misdemeanours were minor offences. By the s, the distinction was no longer very clear cut.

However, it still affected the punishment as only felonies were capital offences. Felons could also be arrested by force and the counsel of the accused felon had no right to address the jury until For a more in-depth explanation of the 19th century system of criminal prosecution.

Types of offence and courts essay

For more general information see the section on Courts Procedures.The types of courts in India are given below: Supreme Court: The Supreme Court of India is the highest or the apex judicial forum and final court of appeal as established by Part V, Chapter IV of the Constitution of India.

In the United States, there are three primary classifications of criminal offenses—felonies, misdemeanors, and infractions. Each classification is distinguished from each other by the seriousness of the offense and the amount of punishment for which someone convicted of the crime can receive.

The Criminal court deals with different types of criminal jurisdictions and offences dealt with within the courts and also the appeals routes of each criminal structure.

They also evaluate the efficiency of the current Criminal structure. The roles and powers Lay Magistrates have on the Criminal.

Some acts are considered criminal only because of the alleged offender's age.

These courts also conduct criminal trials with juries for indictable offences. Supreme Court The Supreme Court in each jurisdiction is the highest court in that State or Territory. The military courts of the United Kingdom are governed by the Armed Forces Act Someone found guilty of an offence by a Commanding Officer in a summary hearing can appeal against the punishment, or against both conviction and punishment, to the Summary Appeal Court.

Types of offences. Criminal offences in Victoria are divided into two types - summary offences and indictable offences. Types of courts. Court hearings are different depending on the type of offence. See Types of courts for more information or ask the police investigator for the case.

More information.

What are the different courts in Australia and how do they work in criminal matters?